CUSTOM EMBROIDERY GLOSSARY
For Custom Embroidered Logo Apparel
EMBROIDERY: Custom embroidery is “thread art” used to embellish a garment, hat, or some other product by adding a sewn pattern. Generally, this sewn pattern includes a design and can also include lettering and/or monograms.
MONOGRAM: This is an embroidery design composed of one, two or three letters, which are usually the initials in a person’s name. Monogramming is referred to as “personalization” within our website.
STITCH TYPES: Fill Stitch: A series of running stitches commonly combined to cover large areas. This is also called “complex fill” or “Tatami”. Custom embroidery fill patterns can be created to appear differently by altering the angle, length and sequence of the stitches. This is one of the most common stitches used in our custom embroidered logos.
Running Stitch: A series of single stitches forming a line. One stitch which goes from Point A to Point B. A running stitch is often used for fine details, outlining and underlay. This custom embroidery stitch is also known as a “walk” stitch.
Satin Stitch: A zigzag sewing action where two stitches form a column. It is often used for lettering, thicker outlining, and detail. It is usually 2mm to 12mm wide. This is very commonly used in custom embroidery and the logos we create.
Underlay: These are stitches used under the normal custom embroidery stitching in a design. The stitches are placed to provide stability to the fabric and to create different effects. Underlay stitches are running stitches or very light density fill stitches that are often placed in the opposite direction from the top stitching. Underlay is a very important part of the custom embroidered logo process and is changed for each and every type of fabric that is embroidered.
DIGITIZING: This is what we refer to as “free logo set-up”. It is the process of taking artwork from any source, including your original drawings, and turning it into a language that a computerized embroidery machine can translate into stitches. Your artwork is converted into a series of commands to be read by an embroidery machine’s computer. Certain formats do better than others. We prefer the file formats of JPG, GIF, TIF, Adobe Photoshop PSD or Adobe Illustrator AI, which gives us the best picture of your design. We keep all custom embroidery digitized files in our library for an indefinite period of time so they will always be available when our customers re-order.
EMBROIDERY FILES: If you already have an art file digitized for custom embroidery, you will most likely see the format as DST. This is the specific machine format that is widely recognized in the embroidery industry. Our software is Wilcom and the format we read best is EMB, however, we can convert any of your embroidery files to sew on our machines.
BACKING OR STABILIZER: This is a usually white (sometimes black) woven or nonwoven support material added to the back of the fabric being embroidered. It is most often cut away, but sometimes you will see it torn away (tearaway backing), and some will even wash away.
FINISHING: This is the work we do after our custom embroidery is complete. It includes trimming loose threads, cutting or tearing away the excess backing, removing the water soluble topping when used, folding and packing for shipment. We fold and pack every item in a plastic bag.